Shane Warne has claimed the world record for most wickets in a calendar year as Australia fought back on the second day of the first Test against South Africa at the WACA Ground.
The hosts dismissed the Proteas for 296 before finishing the day at 1-38 - and level overall - in their second innings, with Justin Langer (15no) and nightwatchman Brett Lee (0no) unbeaten following the loss of Matthew Hayden (20).
Langer was given an early life when Herschelle Gibbs failed to hang on to a tough catch at third slip and, while Hayden started well, pulling Makhaya Ntini for three powerful boundaries in an over, he skied Charl Langeveldt and was well caught by a diving Mark Boucher in the last over of the day.
Warne received a standing ovation when he trapped Ashwell Prince lbw for 28 late in the second session, the wicket his 86th since January 1 as he surpassed fellow Australian Dennis Lillee's record of 85 taken in 1981.
Lee finished with figures of 5-93 as South Africa crumbled after a promising start, A.B. de Villiers making 68, Boucher 62 and skipper Graeme Smith and Shaun Pollock 34 each.
But the star of the show was Warne, who equalled the record when he bowled danger man de Villiers with a well-flighted skidder shortly after lunch, before also dismissing Prince and later Boucher, who was brilliantly caught at first slip by Hayden.
South Africa resumed the day on 0-38, and chasing Australia's first innings total of 258, looked comfortable as Smith and de Villiers attacked the Australian bowlers, before Smith and Gibbs fell in the morning session.
The Proteas went to lunch at a comfortable 2-128, but when Warne claimed his first scalp and then Jacques Rudolph (8) edged Lee to Langer at third slip, the visitors began to look vulnerable for the first time at 4-145.
Australia's chances of gaining a first innings lead grew when Justin Kemp (7) drove a Glenn McGrath slower ball straight to Brad Hodge at mid-off, leaving South Africa at 5-167.
But the crowd had to wait until Warne's 19th over until they could celebrate another world record for the champion, who is also the leading wicket-taker in Test history.
Pollock and Boucher settled the visitors after tea with some flourishing shots, but Warne almost added to his record when Pollock edged him just wide of Hayden at first slip.
However Pollock was soon back in the pavilion when he was beaten for pace by a Lee delivery that clipped his pad and crashed into his off stump, ending a 77-run stand - that came at run-a-ball pace - with Boucher.
Boucher brought up his half-century off just 61 balls with a fantastic pull shot off Lee, before his innings ended on 62 when Hayden took a fantastic catch at slip to give Warne his third wicket.
Lee completed the rout, trapping Langeveldt lbw for a duck and then dismissing Ntini for 12.
Ntini was the day one hero for the Proteas, claiming 5-64 as he ripped through Australia's middle order, while skipper Ricky Ponting top-scored with 71 but didn't find enough support as Australia crumbled after lunch.